cmake Quick Start

This page is a quick overview of how to use the CMake build system (used from version 1.6.0) for those not familiar with CMake.

If you are interested in learning more details of CMake, the CMake Tutorial is a good place to start. A quick overview of tools for running CMake on different platforms is also available.

Basic build

A CMake based build consists of 2 steps. For a GNU/Linux OS this is normally:

  • configuring the build (using cmake)
  • doing the build (using make)

If you like to use a separate build directory for build files, then to do a simple build of getdns use the following:

git clone https://github.com/getdnsapi/getdns.git
cd getdns
git checkout develop          #or desired branch
git submodule update --init
mkdir build
cd build
cmake ..
make

This will use the default build options.

Build options

In CMake the options to configure the build are available as build options, the current values of which (and their types) can be listed by using:

cmake -LA ..

For example:

BUILD_DOXYGEN:BOOL=OFF
BUILD_EXAMPLES:BOOL=OFF
BUILD_GETDNS_QUERY:BOOL=ON
BUILD_GETDNS_SERVER_MON:BOOL=ON
BUILD_STUBBY:BOOL=OFF
BUILD_TESTING:BOOL=ON
BZRCOMMAND:FILEPATH=BZRCOMMAND-NOTFOUND
CHECK_INCLUDE_DIR:PATH=/usr/local/include
CHECK_LIBRARY:FILEPATH=/usr/local/lib/libcheck.dylib
CHECK_MATH_LIBRARY:FILEPATH=/usr/lib/libm.dylib
...

Each option can be set on the cmake line using the -D flag by setting a value for the option depending on its type e.g.

cmake -DENABLE_STUB_ONLY=ON -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/opt/getdns ..

On Unix the ccmake tool can be used to list and edit these values (note that paths and less frequently used options are available in the 'advanced' options seen by toggling the t key).

Some common build options which are off by default but users may want to enable are:

BUILD_STUBBY
ENABLE_DEBUG_* (ALL, ANCHOR, DAEMON, DNSSEC, REQ, SCHED, SERVER, STUB)
ENABLE_STUB_ONLY
USE_LIB* (EV, UV, EVENT2)

Some paths that users may want to commonly set are:

CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX     
CMAKE_INSTALL_SYSCONFDIR       
... # (and similar configuration directories)
LIBIDN2_INCLUDE_DIR                                                                                                                         
LIBIDN2_LIBRARY
OPENSSL_CRYPTO_LIBRARY                                                                                                  
OPENSSL_INCLUDE_DIR                                                                                                                         
OPENSSL_SSL_LIBRARY

Caching of Build Options

If you list the files in the build directory you will see a file called CMakeCache.txt. This file holds all the values for the build options used in the current build.

Note that subsequent runs of cmake do not update the current build options UNLESS the option is specified on the command line. This means doing

cmake -DENABLE_STUB_ONLY=ON -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/opt/getdns ..
cmake ..

will result in configuring the build with the parameters as set on the first line.

To do a 'clean' build, i.e. resetting to the default build options, simply delete the CMakeCache.txt file and reconfigure:

cmake ..

Tips and tricks

  • Use VERBOSE=1 make to get a detailed output of the build and link commands